The climate is temperate despite the tropical location, with temperatures moderated by the cold Peruvian (Humboldt) Current offshore and fogs (garúa) that blanket the coastal region during the colder months of May to October.
Lima is Peru's largest city, it is part of a fast-growing metropolitan area that is Peru's chief administrative, commercial, manufacturing, and cultural center.
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Most of Peru's large textile and clothing industry is concentrated here; other manufactures include motor vehicles, chemicals, and fish and petroleum products. Hydrocarbons
Population (1993) 5,759,676.
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Lima was founded in 1535 by Spanish conquistadores (including Pizarro) and was originally named Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings). Lima replaced Cuzco as Spain's viceregal capital of colonial Peru, and it quickly became Spain's largest and wealthiest settlement in the New World. Lima became the capital of Peru after the country became independent in 1826 and was looted and occupied from 1881 to 1883 by Chilean forces during the War of the Pacific. Rapid industrialization after 1940 was accompanied by a great increase in the city's population.
Major cities near Lima:
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